I find that a lot of the design principles taught by tertiary institutions are from the European-eye. I want an inclusive approach to my education, so I’m exploring…
Gestalt Theory is founded on human nature – how humans perceive information to make sense and meaning. Humans tend to gather elements into a group to perceive the whole image – a macroscopic view over a microscopic one.
The Laws of Prägnanz
(principles of grouping)
Law of Proximity
Objects closer in proximity are perceived as forming a group, or one image.
Law of Similarity
Objects are grouped together if they are similar – colour, texture, shape, size, direction, etc – and are perceived as one image or parts of a whole.
Law of Closure
Objects are perceived as being complete when they are not.
Law of Symmetry
Objects are perceived as being balanced and proportional around a centre point.
Law of Common Fate
Objects are perceived as complete because of lines that move along a path.
Law of Continuity
The elements of objects are grouped together, creating the perception of a whole.
Law of Good Gestalt
The elements of objects are grouped together, creating a whole, if they are “regular, simple and orderly”.
Law of Past Experience
Two objects can be perceived as grouped or linked if they are shown in succession – close proximity in time. It can require pre-knowledge, and memory, of the one perceiving the elements.